Her armament was emplaced on the bank of the Danube River to protect against possible attacks by Austro-Hungarian river monitors, and she remained in Sulina for the duration of the war. For 2020, Romania is ranked 39 of 138 out of the countries considered for the annual GFP review.It holds a PwrIndx* rating of 0.6177 (0.0000 considered 'perfect'). [14], The expansion of the Romanian Navy during the interwar period required more training facilities and ships. Port bow. The auxiliary minelayer Regele Carol I, seen here in Constanța military harbour just before her last mission. [6] The riverine base was at Galați, while the maritime base was at Constanța, which was now part of Romania. In 1920, two of the initial four destroyers ordered from Italy were received. [14][15] Another nine British motor torpedo boats were to be built under license at Galați, but this plan was canceled after Romania joined the Axis. [14] The overwhelming superiority of the Soviet Navy forced the Royal Romanian Navy to conduct mainly defensive operations throughout the entire war and its warships rarely hazarded further east than Cape Sarych. romanian navy. [55] In addition, five Italian-built CB-class midget submarines were temporarily acquired in the autumn of 1943, however only two could be made serviceable before being returned to the Italian R.S.I. The largest ships were the quinqueremes, with three banks of rowers, two each for the upper two oars and one rower on the lower oar (around 300 in total). Of these, 18,000 were transported by Romanian ships. 173 to unify the navies into a single flotilla.The navy was French-trained and organized. [61] Seven 25-ton Italian MAS motor torpedo boats, each armed with two 350 mm torpedoes, were also acquired in 1943. She was struck by a large aerial bomb, which fell in her fuel tanks, but failed to detonate. The Sea Slice combat ship is now one of the best crafts a civilian can buy. [9][10][11] According to other sources however submarine M-59 was lost due to mines earlier that date. Articles with Romanian-language external links, Articles containing Romanian-language text, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Mihail Kogălniceanu class river patrol monitors, "Mihail Kogălniceanu" class river patrol monitors, Official site of the Romanian Naval Forces, Black Sea Naval Co-operation Task Group (BLACKSEAFOR), https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Romanian_Naval_Forces?oldid=4687941, Pages using infobox military unit with unknown parameters, Naval Helicopter Group (IAR Puma Naval helicopters), 88 River Patrol Boat Squadron (VB 76 class), "Vice Admiral Constantin Bălescu" Naval Training School, "Admiral I. Murgescu" Navy Petty Officer School, "CALLATIS" Radio-Electronics and Surveillance Center, Training, Simulation and Evaluation Center. Baza Logistică Navală. Legates or Lieutenants are the second rank holders in the roman military hierarchy who are responsible for commanding legions.The commandants at this position are in charge of a host of tasks. "[24] Its base is near the largest military training range in Romania. GLOSSARY OF U.S. [17] In comparison, the Soviet Black Sea Fleet had a battleship, three medium cruisers, three light cruisers, three flotilla leaders, eight modern destroyers, five old destroyers, two large torpedo boats, 47 submarines and many other auxiliary and small vessels. The main success of the war was the sinking of the Turkish river monitor "Seyfî" near Măcin by a group of spar torpedo boats including "Rândunica" and the Russian Carevitch and Ksenya crafts. "The 307 Marine Battalion is destined to carry out military operations in an amphibious river and lagoon environment, the security of objectives in the coastal area, the Danube Delta and the support of local authorities in case of a civil emergency. The 307th Marine Battalion ('Batalionul 307 Infanterie Marină') is the costal defence unit of the Romanian Navy. [64] A number of warships (such as Amiral Murgescu) were never returned. The new plan envisioned a cruiser, four destroyers, three submarines, four minelayers and twelve motor torpedo boats. Ships with multiple levels of rowers, such as the trireme, were fast and manoeuvrable enough to attack enemy vessels by ramming. They were armed with three 12-cm cannons each. [14] In 1940, the SMR had 17 merchant ships with a total of over 72,000 tons of shipping.[14]. [30], On 24 June 1942, Amiral Murgescu along with one auxiliary minelayer laid mines off Odessa, while being escorted by the Romanian destroyers Regele Ferdinand and Regina Maria, the Romanian flotilla leader Mărășești, the Romanian gunboats Ghiculescu, Stihi and Dumitrescu and the Romanian gunboat Smeul (ex-torpedo boat), as well as German motor minesweepers of the Donau Flotilla. The scale and importance of the operation can be attested by the usage in combat of all four warships of the Romanian Destroyer Squadron, the largest Axis warships in the Black Sea. On 19 August, a day before the Soviet offensive started the Navy had 54 ships on the Black Sea (29 warships and 25 auxiliary) and 137 on the Danube (37 warships and 100 auxiliary), a marine regiment, a navy engineers regiment and a coastal artillery regiment. NMS Delfinul, the only Axis submarine in the Black Sea in 1941, acted mainly as a "ship-in-being" due to its obsolescence and sank only one unescorted merchant ship. This achievement earned the Romanian naval commander, Rear-Admiral Horia Macellariu, the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (Crucea de Cavaler a Crucii de Fier, in Romanian). The navy was French-trained and organized. Losses, however, had been huge with over 130,000 men (including 5,400 officers) killed or wounded. was formed in the mid 1970s for the defence of the Danube Delta and Romanian Black Sea shore. Divizionul 129 Nave Speciale și de Sprijin Logistic; Centrul 338 Mentenanță Tehnică Navală; Secția Logistică 330 Constanța After attacking, the submarine was located by a German BV 138C flying boat, and the Romanian gunboats Sublocotenent Ghiculescu and Stihi Eugen were sent to the scene. [60] She was the only minelayer of the Romanian Navy that was purpose-built and not used for anything else (Amiral Murgescu was also employed as a destroyer escort). The Romanian Navy during World War II was the main Axis naval force in the Black Sea campaigns and fought against the Soviet Union's Black Sea Fleet from 1941 to 1944. In 1926, two additional destroyers were ordered from Italy: Regele Ferdinand and Regina Maria of the Regele Ferdinand class destroyer, together with the Romanian Navy's first submarine, Delfinul, and the submarine depot ship Constanța. [63], Starting September 1944, the Soviet Navy moved all Romanian warships to Caucasian ports. Nave româneşti uitate: bolozanul . One more armored motor gunboat was sunk at Isaccea by the riverine artillery of a Romanian Marine Infantry detachment. The Germans noted the rigid hierarchical system in th… [13] These ships were commissioned between 1930 and 1936. They are currently operated from Navy frigates for search and rescue, medevac and maritime surveillance missions. On 10 November, supporting the continuing Allied advance, two Romanian river torpedo boats landed troops at Topalu to occupy the village. [14] As a result, only the Romanian-built minelayer Amiral Murgescu and three British-built motor torpedo boats (received in February 1940 and designated: Viforul, Vijelia and Viscolul) were received before the Second World War. Following the unification of the principalities of Romania and Wallachia, the Romanian Navy was created by Alexandru Ioan Cuza (ruling Domnitor) on 22 October 1860 as the Flotilla Corps. 214 talking about this. Port stern quarter, underway. This paper assesses the capabilities of the Romanian Navy in light of latest military and security developments in the Black Sea. naval forces. The base was first established in 1861 at Izmail, but it was later relocated in 1864 at Brăila and in 1867 at Galați. [12][13][14][15], On 1 October, the Soviet submarine M-118 attacked and sank the German transport ship Salzburg. The Soviet Navy moved all Romanian warships to Caucasian ports. After the war, the navy transported the Romanian troops back across the Danube. After the War of Independence, two naval rearmament programs were proposed for the Black Sea flotilla. [1] Another notable success was the sinking of the Turkish river monitor "Podgoriçe" (Podgorica) by the Romanian coastal artillery on the 7th of November 1877.[1]. [1] These plans mainly concentrated on the Danube flotilla. ) is the navy branch of the Romanian Armed Forces; it operates in the Black Sea and on the Danube. Thus, the artillery of the Romanian 17th Marine Infantry Battalion, operating in the Periprava sector, shelled and sank six Soviet armored motor gunboats. 86 assault rifles, PM md. [62], Uniquely, in the Second World War, the Romanian Navy was the only navy to fight for over three years without losing a single unit of its main force of destroyers and submarines. Noutăţi. These are the current Romanian Armed Forces ranks and insignia. [12] Four gunboats were purchased from the French Navy: Stihi, Dumitrescu, Lepri and Ghiculescu. During the night of 18 September 1941, the motor torpedo boats Viscolul and Vijelia attacked a Soviet convoy South of Odessa, each boat launching her two torpedoes at the closest enemy destroyer. The old brig Mircea was also sunk during a Soviet air raid on 17 April 1944. Three rearmament plans were implemented: during 1883-1885, 1886-1888 and 1906-1908. In 1989 the Romanian Navy had more than 7,500 sailors, organized into a Black Sea Fleet, the Danube Squadron, and the shore-based Coastal Defense. 173 to unify the navies into a single flotilla. Licitaţia de modernizare a navei pentru cercetări maritime şi scafandri „Grigore Antipa” 21 mai 2018. The Romanian naval commander, Rear Admiral Horia Macellariu, was awarded the German Ritterkreuz after Operation 60,000, the contingency plan for the evacuation of Crimea. After the War of Independence, two naval rearmament programs were proposed for the Black Sea flotilla. The current chief of the Romanian Navy, succeeding Vice Admiral Dorin Dănilă on 3 July 2010, is Vice Admiral Aurel Popa. 4K51 Rubezh anti-ship missile launching system at Capu Midia firing range. Regele Ferdinand frigate is the current flagship of the Romanian Navy. [5], The main focus of the Romanian Navy during the interwar period was the Black Sea fleet. The survivors were in poor shape, often going barefoot, and one of the main forms of transport seems to have been gaily painted peasant carts. The text of this published glossary of abbreviations was prepared shortly after the close of World War II. 66 machine guns, 60/82/120mm mortars, AG-7 and AG-9 launchers, 76mm Md. [5] The river monitors participated in the defense of Tutrakan and later secured the flank of the Romanian and Russian defenders in Dobrudja. [5], Following the end of World War I, the Kingdom of Romania took possession over three Austro-Hungarian river monitors[6] (renamed after the newly incorporated territories of Ardeal, Basarabia and Bucovina) and purchased in 1921 four Italian patrol boats.